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震惊!震惊!据说看了本文的烤鸭们,写作都至少涨了0.5哟!

作者: 南星教育     日期: 2020-05-25 点击数:

 漫漫屠鸭路上,相信很多烤鸭都苦于写作没有思路,毕竟写作话题那么多,除了one by one准备,还有其他妙方吗?

 
 
康老师觉得,妙方就是做好思维训练哟,所谓万变不离其宗嘛。本期康老师就教你用好下面三招,保你药到病除。
 
 
开始第一招,自问自答,进行启发
一个简单但是很实用的办法就是,学会问自己问题,从多个角度去问自己问题(how, who, what, why, when, where…),然后尽力去回答这些问题,就能够知道该写什么啦。
 
举个例子~
  本期写作对象:global warming
  提问:
How big a problem is global warming ? —-> severe
Who should deal with it ? —-> governments and international bodies
What is the reason ? —-> CO2 emissions/fossil fuels
Why is it a problem? —-> rising sea levels/flood/famine/drought
When should a solution happen ? —-> now/immediately/not long-term
Where is it a problem ? —-> it’s global
Anything else ? —-> protesters- public (多想想,有备无患哟)
 
紧接着第二招,联想话题词汇,从语境中寻觅关联逻辑
----- 大家先把话题语料词汇储备上,尽可能地快速思考,电影片段闪回一般,让大脑做功自动进行逻辑搭建。一部分词汇肯定有用,写下来保留,还有一部分也可能用不上,删除就是啦。
 
继续举例子~  可用的词库:
fossil fuels, CO2 emissions, famine, drought, natural disaster, flood, rising sea levels, plague, renewable energy, wind farms…
 
第三招,套用段落框架main idea —- reason —- example 
  先决定:
  CO2 emissions was a reason
 natural disasters were a reason
 the size of the problem was a reason
 drought and famine were examples of natural disaster
  investing in wind farms was an example of what some countries do
 
 
  然后思路/表达各归其位:  
 
★Main idea: International bodies and governments should take action on global warming immediately.
 
 
★Reason ①: This is because it has been shown that there is a clear connection between CO2 emissions and burning fossil fuels and climate change. 
 
 
★Reason ②: Furthermore, research from scientists shows that the number of natural disasters (example) such as drought and famine is guaranteed to increase unless steps are taken now.
 
 
★Reason ③: Indeed, the scale of the problem means that a global solution must be found and that it is not enough for a few countries to (example) invest in renewable forms of energy such as wind farms.
 
 
总结:看了以上步骤,是不是觉得写作不是那么难了呢!总的来说,审题的时候,首先需要做的就是抓住准确的写作话题对象和范围。
 
弄清楚写作要求和题型之后,就要着手进行框架大纲的搭建。brainstorm ideas的同时,更重要是去解释/拓展/阐明观点,并且按照合理的逻辑顺序去丰满框架的内容哦~
 
如此一来,一个段落很快就出来了呢!大家只要勤加练习,思维磨得光光的,看到题目就能文思泉涌了哟~

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